The eye socket, also called the orbit, is the bony surroundings of the eye that protect the eye. Tumors, infections, thyroid eye disease, and fractures involving the eye socket are common reasons patients may need orbital surgery. Some conditions requiring orbital surgery are nonurgent and elective while some conditions can cause vision loss if unattended to. Orbital surgery typically involves an incision on or around the eyelids to gain access to the space around or behind the eye. By utilizing retraction and instruments specifically designed for access to the orbit, the problem can be visualized and corrected.
Orbital surgery is generally done in the operating room under general anesthesia, however, some patients are candidates for surgery in clinic. Patients can return home immediately after the procedure and resume nearly all normal daily activities the very next day.